When it comes to bamboo, Fuyang people can’t be unfamiliar. “The bamboo stalker, the bamboo stalker, the bamboo paper of the book, the bamboo raft of the book, the bamboo skin of the attire, the bamboo shoes of the stalker, the bamboo shoots of the eater, and the bamboo shoots of the hunters are really not a day.”
Especially in the countryside, behind the house, the bamboo is long; the mountain is headed, and the bamboo forest stretches. In Fuyang, the “eight mountains and half water half-field”, the bamboo forest area reached 592,200 mu, and the bamboo forest area accounted for more than 30% of the forest area of the whole area. Among them, the bamboo forest is the most, with an area of 510,800 mu, and the resource area ranks third in the province.
However, in the concept and level of industrial development, Fuyang’s bamboo industry has not yet reached a climate. Compared with the advanced areas of bamboo industry such as Anji and Longquan, the advantage of Fuyang’s bamboo industry is not obvious.
How can a bamboo become an industry and drive a party to become rich?
The third place in the province
茫茫竹海掩村舍. In the mountainous towns and towns of Fuyang, bamboos everywhere can be seen everywhere.
As a famous bamboo resource county in the province, the area of bamboo forest and the number of bamboo in Fuyang rank first in the province and the first in Hangzhou. The bamboo industry is the traditional agricultural industry in the towns and villages of Fuyang. According to statistics, there are more than 300 bamboo shoots processing enterprises (households) in the district, and more than 100,000 farmers are involved in bamboo. There are 25 leading enterprises above the district level, including 1 national leading enterprise, 4 provincial level; 52 bamboo industry professional cooperatives, and more than 50 fresh bamboo shoot sales teams.
Because the economic benefits are good, and unlike other fruit trees that require long-term careful maintenance, the bamboo resources of Fuyang have increased significantly in the past decade. In 2018, the forest resources survey in the district increased the area of bamboo forest in our district from 499,000 mu in 2009 to 592,200 mu, of which the area of bamboo forest increased from 435,000 mu to 510,800 mu, an increase of 75,800 mu compared with 2009, an increase of 14.83. %. There are 15 towns and towns with more than 10,000 mu of bamboo forest resources. The bamboo forests in the southern bamboo industry belt, which are not concentrated in Dayuan, Evergreen and Shangguan three towns, have a total area of more than 150,000 mu, with Xindeng, Yongchang, Yi and Yu. The town of Mouth 4 is a cluster of bamboo forests with a scale of 100,000 mu.
The bamboo forests produced a season of fresh bamboo shoots, and also produced the fresh bamboo processing industry in Fuyang.
Fuyang mainly produces bamboo shoots and bamboo shoots, and the annual output of fresh bamboo shoots is over 140,000 tons. After years of development, there have been a large number of fresh bamboo processing enterprises in our district, including one enterprise with a value of over 100 million yuan, 7 enterprises with an output value of 20 million yuan, and an annual processing capacity of 100,000 tons. Driven by the national and provincial leading enterprises such as Hangzhou Can, Qianlong Bamboo Shoots, Hongli Food, Nature, etc., Fuyang produces boiled bamboo shoots, seasoned bamboo shoots, canned bamboo shoots and other refined bamboo products, which occupy domestic and foreign supermarkets. 30% of the sales market share of aviation, catering, wholesale, etc.; more than 10 provinces and municipalities including “Hangfu”, “Yujiang”, “Fuchunlong”, “Tianleisheng”, “short and fat bamboo shoots” and “nature” The district’s famous brand forest products, the industry’s overall level is the province’s leading.
Bamboo products processing market shrinks
However, compared with the flourishing fresh bamboo processing industry, Fuyang’s bamboo industry development is somewhat unsatisfactory.
In the traditional handicraft industry, the biggest use of Fuyang’s bamboo is paper making. Fuyang has a tradition of tender bamboo paper for more than a thousand years, and it has the glory of “Kyoto’s Yuanyang Fuyang Paper and ten Yuanshu Scholars”. However, with the changes of the times, the sixty-seventy-six roads rely on the complicated process of labor, the economic benefits that are difficult to upgrade, the inheritance of handicrafts and the waste pollution caused by the production process, etc., all of which have become the development of the bamboo and bamboo industry. bottleneck. At present, the average age of bamboo paper troughs in Fuyang is over 45 years old, and few young people are willing to continue this process. Traditional bamboo crafts such as bamboo painting, bamboo weaving, bamboo carving, and bamboo carving are also affected by pure manual craftsmanship, which is difficult to form scale effect.
Let’s talk about the processing of bamboo products. In fact, Fuyang’s bamboo products processing enterprises, which occupy the largest share, are still low-small and coarse-processing enterprises. These enterprises are still in the middle of the acquisition of bamboo, complete rough processing, and then sell semi-finished products to bamboo products enterprises in Anji and Longquan. The added value of products is not high, and there are still problems such as environmental pollution. In recent years, these companies have gradually been shut down, from the original 500 to less than 50. The leading enterprises of bamboo products finishing, such as Lida Bamboo Flooring, Tongchang Bamboo Industry, Fuxing Bamboo Industry, etc., are only short-lived due to factors such as low technological content and poor capital turnover.
Without the leading role, the ability of scientific and technological innovation is not strong, resource agglomeration can not be transformed into industrial agglomeration, market competitiveness and development momentum are insufficient – this is the current status of Fuyang bamboo market.
Extensive production does not need to change
“In the past, if you made a basket of bamboo and made a bamboo mat, it would be a bamboo product. Even if you don’t process it, you can sell bamboo directly. You can sell thirty or forty pieces a hundred pounds, and you can sell 45 pieces when you are many. Now it’s not working. No one used the bamboo basket. If you cut bamboo, you can only sell more than 20 pieces a hundred pounds, but the labor force that you spend will be able to earn more if you want to go there. Who else is willing to go up the mountain to cut bamboo.” Wang Dabo, a villager in Xiangxi Village, Xindeng Town, has a bamboo mountain. He used to dig bamboo and cut bamboo to make a living. Now, he is doing small work in the surrounding villages. He usually plantes some fruit trees in the ground, which is higher than the previous income. Times.
Although there are fewer bamboo shoots and bamboo cuts, the bamboo mountain of his family is slowly expanding every year. “Bamboo is growing fast. I have to go down the firewood on the side every year so that the bamboo can be opened. In this year, the bamboo forest will be big.”
On the one hand, it is an area of expanding bamboo forest, while on the other hand, it is a low-yielding forest with a large proportion.
With the economic and social development, a large number of labor force has been transferred to cities. Nowadays, the middle-aged and old-age laborers who are engaged in pure agricultural production are basically 50 years old, the labor capacity is relatively lacking, and the management concept is also relatively old, only infertility, no cut and infertility. Or the concept of heavy bamboo shoots is common in rural areas. Unreasonable forest age, poor bamboo quality, high bamboo yield, poor bamboo forest disaster resistance, and large-scale degradation of Leizhulin have become a common problem in Fuyang bamboo forest. Coupled with the decline in the price of raw bamboo, bamboo farmers are basically unprofitable, and their enthusiasm for business is affected. In addition to excavating bamboo shoots every year, most bamboo forests are already lacking in people’s interests, let alone excavating bamboo culture. It is understood that at present, there are no bamboo resources leisure and tourism areas in the bamboo resources towns and towns of more than 15 million mu in the whole district. The development of the third industry of bamboo forests has yet to start.
Three-productive integration development, driving people to become rich
The green hills are the Jinshan Yinshan. Fuyang guards nearly 600,000 mu of vast bamboo sea. How to make good use of this resource to create a new economic growth point, thus stimulating the rural economy? The Anji experience may give us a reference.
Once, Xiao Xiao San was synonymous with Anji Bamboo Industry. Today, Anji promotes the transformation and upgrading of the bamboo industry, the development of ecological industries, and the creation of green industries through technological innovation, brand building, and channel expansion. The same 100 kilograms of bamboo, selling the original bamboo is only twenty or thirty yuan, and made furniture, handicrafts, etc., the income can be doubled to more than 1,000 yuan.
Looking at the data of 2018, Anji has formed a bamboo industry that accounts for 20% of the country’s bamboo products market and has an annual output value of over 10 billion yuan. The bamboo industry employs more than 50,000 people, and the bamboo industry accounts for nearly half of the farmers’ income. It has formed bamboo structural materials, bamboo decorative materials, bamboo daily necessities, bamboo fiber products, bamboo chemical processing materials, bamboo and wood processing machinery. Bamboo crafts, bamboo shoots food and other 8 series of more than 3,000 varieties of product structure. At the same time, the bamboo industry has also extended to the bamboo culture field, providing an excellent ecological environment for the development of eco-tourism. Through the integration of the first, second and third generations of production, Anji’s “Chinese Bamboo Township” has a reputation both at home and abroad.
In the past, it was to rely on mountains to eat mountains. Nowadays, we have to enrich the mountains and enrich the people.
According to the relevant person in charge of the Regional Agriculture and Rural Bureau, in order to promote the development of the bamboo industry, last year, relevant personnel of the bureau have conducted research on the development status of the bamboo industry and made suggestions on the development direction of the bamboo industry.
First of all, it is necessary to promote quality, efficiency and efficiency through technological innovation and classified management. Change the original business model, stimulate the enthusiasm of bamboo farmers; promote sustainable management application technology, change the type of business, promote the ecological compound management mode of bamboo forests, forest medicines and other ecological compound business models, and improve the average benefits; and encourage bamboo by land circulation The processing enterprise with bamboo shoots as raw materials establishes a high-yield bamboo forest base that is directionally cultivated with the business model of “company + cooperative + base + farmer”.
With a good foundation, the bamboo industry has more possibilities. Fuyang’s bamboo forest production can be based on the principle of “Xiyou, Nanqiang, and North Extension”, increase investment in scientific research, and upgrade the industry as a whole. Continue to increase the support and cultivation of the existing leading enterprises in the western bamboo shoot processing, improve the visibility and market share of bamboo shoot products in our district through the creation of famous brands, and do the best industrial kinetic energy; break through the policy bottleneck, through internal support, in the south The key bamboo areas such as Yuanyuan, Evergreen, Shangguan and Xindeng and Yongchang in the west have established bamboo processing and gathering areas, which are small and large, large and strong, strong and strong, cultivate leading, guide the improvement of bamboo processing standards, and green agglomeration development; Activate the advantages of traditional industries such as bamboo painting and bamboo carving in the northern Yinhu Street, expand the industrial chain, carry out scientific and technological research, and do deep bamboo articles.
At the same time, aiming at creating the “China Bamboo Township” eco-tourism area, the combination of the protection and utilization of bamboo resources and the development of bamboo tourism and bamboo culture will comprehensively develop the tourism landscape and cultural industry of Zhuxiang, making it a beautiful country. Another activation point.
The development of an industry is inseparable from all aspects of efforts. We believe that with the existing mature cases and reasonable planning of various local conditions, the green resource of bamboo will provide a new model for Fuyang’s rural economic development and will also bring new opportunities to Fuyang.